Preview of people to know (last 4 slides do not apply).
You do not need to prepare or submit anything for the questions or create the chart on Scientist/Philosophers (although it would be a great note-taking idea).
The historical milestones of the Scientific Revolution and the Enlightenment were the products of many different minds coming together at the right time to affect changes in, well, just about every aspect of society. To keep track of everyone, you should be following the study guide handout for Unit 2, and you might find you want to add to that list as you read through these links and slide shows.
Complete these questions after reading through the text, websites, and slideshows and after viewing the videos in this chapter.
Create a word processing document titled “Revolution and Enlightenment.” Copy the following questions to your document and answer in complete paragraphs (5 to 7 sentences). Be sure your answers are in your own words and not just copied from the reading.
Terms: define each of these in your own words:
- Scientific Method
- Social Contract
- State of Nature
- Separation of Powers
- Natural Rights
- What developments in thought and technology paved the way for the Scientific Revolution?
- Describe the accomplishments of Copernicus and Vesalius. Why were they considered founders of the Scientific Revolution?
- Describe three unique discoveries resulting from the Scientific Revolution in England and name the scientist associated with each.
- Explain the connection between scientific discoveries and the economy and industry.
- How did events in Galileo’s life demonstrate the conflict between the Catholic Church and the emerging scientific thought?
- Explain how the ideas of the philosophers were incorporated into the Declaration of Independence and the American Constitution.
- What contributions did Voltaire make to Enlightenment thought?
- Compare Montesquieu and Rousseau. How did their ideas on politics and government differ?