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Application: Ungoverned Areas and Safe Havens
Terrorist groups often thrive in ungoverned areas and safe havens, where the ability of states to extend the rule of law is weak or non-existent. Ungoverned areas and safe havens range in their geographic locations within state and government boundaries. They are not only remote locations like the Philippine Archipelago, an ungoverned area characterized by rugged terrain used by terrorist groups such as Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF). They can also be located in both urban and suburban areas such as Pakistan’s cities. In addition to these locations, there is evidence showing that terrorist groups also use cyberspace and the Internet to recruit and train terrorists and plan terrorist attacks. Ungoverned areas and safe havens provide terrorists groups with a location in which they can promote, train, and educate followers, protect their leaders, and plan future terrorist activities and movements.
To prepare for this assignment:
- Review the Chapter 4 article “The Ultimate Organization” in the course text Terrorism in Perspective. Reflect on the potential use of ungoverned areas for terrorist recruitment and training.
- Review online “Chapter 5: Fragile States and Ungoverned Spaces” from the Institute for National Strategies Studies. Consider how ungoverned areas are used to promote and sustain terrorism.
- Review the PBS video segment The Challenge Just Over the Border. Think about the influence of Afghanistan tribal, ungoverned areas, and safe havens have in promoting terrorism.
- Reflect on examples of ungoverned areas and safe havens.
- Consider how ungoverned areas and safe havens might sustain and promote terrorism.
The assignment (1–2 pages):
- Briefly describe and provide an example of an ungoverned area.
- Briefly describe and provide an example of a safe haven.
- Explain the roles of ungoverned areas and safe havens in sustaining and promoting terrorism. Be specific and use examples to illustrate your explanation.