1) Communication was difficult in Ancient Greece because of
A) geographical barriers.
B) religious differences.
C) language differences.
D) political regulations.
2) Which man discovered the remains of the Mycenaean civilization?
A) Alexander the Great
B) Arthur Evans
C) Heinrich Schliemann
D) Marc Bloch
3) By about what date did Indo-Europeans reach Greece?
A) 5200 B.C.E.
B) 1600 B.C.E.
C) 500 B.C.E.
D) 7300 B.C.E.
4) What was the relationship between Minoan and Mycenaean civilizations?
A) Minoan settlers probably created Mycenae.
B) Mycenaean probably borrowed from Minoan.
C) The two emerged independently.
D) Both were the products of Cycladic civilization.
5) How did the work of Heinrich Schliemann transform our understanding of early Greek civilization?
A) He found the Cretan Minoan civilization.
B) He proved it was much less sophisticated than previously thought.
C) He showed that Mycenae was destroyed by war.
D) He showed that the Iliad and Odyssey were based on a historical past.
6) The Greek polis was
A) an alliance of city states.
B) a city state.
C) an open space where citizens could assemble.
D) a leader who seized power violently.
7) Rule by a class of elite families is known as
8) The type of government in which a small group of people rule society is known as
9) Which of these means the rule of one legitimate ruler?
10) Greek city-states numbered at most about how many full citizens?
11) What was the main goal of Greek colonization in the Archaic Period?
A) expanding their city-states
B) land shortage
D) finding a source of slaves
12) What was the main route for Greek colonization?
A) the Danube River
B) the Black Sea
C) the Mediterranean Sea
D) the Nile River
13) Which of these modern countries was not colonized by Greeks in the 700s to 500s B.C.E.?
14) Which city-state’s name means “The Scattered”?
15) Which off the following was NOT a component of Spartan government?
A) two kings
B) a council of twenty-eight members
C) a public assembly open to all male citizens
D) a military dictator
16) What explains the importance of defense in Spartan life?
A) The city-state was largely made up of subject peoples.
B) Athens and Sparta were in conflict from their beginnings.
C) Persia had made Sparta the target of its aggression.
D) Sparta had made an enemy of Crete.
17) What was the goal of the Peloponnesian League?
A) ending conflict
B) creating a trade network
C) ending the Persian threat
D) destroying Athens
18) Which Athenian aristocrat developed the first legal code in Greece?
19) Which of the following should NOT be associated with the reign of Solon?
A) an end to debt slavery
B) creation of a strong monarchy in Athens
C) the positioning of himself as a mediator between the rich and poor
D) the inclusion of all citizens in the political system
20) How did the political systems in Athens and Sparta differ?
A) Athens didn’t have hereditary kings; Sparta did.
B) Athens was not a military dictatorship; Sparta was.
C) Athens allowed women to vote; Sparta didn’t.
D) Athens allowed all people to have a voice in the government; Sparta didn’t.
21) How did Athenian democracy differ from today’s perception of democracy?
A) Athenian democracy didn’t include all citizens.
B) Athenian democracy ignored class distinction.
C) Athenian democracy included women in the political process.
D) Athenian democracy rejected political inequality.
22) Which of the following statements about the Persian Wars is NOT true?
A) Victory fostered the Greeks’ identification with participatory government.
B) Most Greeks failed to fight at all.
C) Opposition to Persia united all of the city-states.
D) Victory boosted the Greeks’ self-confidence.
23) What was the goal of the Delian League?
A) trading alliance
B) defense against Persia
C) defeat of Sparta
D) alliance against Athens
24) Why did Sparta come to challenge the Delian League?
A) Athenian dominance of the League threatened Sparta.
B) Sparta was jealous of the power of the League.
C) The League took Spartan lands.
D) Spartan sea power was threatened by the League.
25) Which of the following statements accurately describes Athens between the Persian and Peloponnesian Wars?
A) They were building an empire and enjoying political and economic dominance.
B) They were attempting to appease the Spartans and avoid war.
C) They were rebuilding after their defeat at the hands of the Persians.
D) They were enacting legislation designed to avoid future wars.
26) Which of the following statements about Athens is NOT true?
A) Athens established and dominated the Delian League after the Persian Wars.
B) Athens defeated Sparta after a bitter struggle and great loss of life.
C) Athens developed an impressive navy.
D) Athens established the world’s first democracy.
27) Which of the following was NOT part of the Delian League?
28) Which man is revered as the first genuine historian?
29) What is known as the “suicide of Greece”?
A) the Persian Wars
B) Athenian dominance in the region
C) the Peloponnesian War
D) the unification of the Greek city-states
30) The world’s first historical thesis statement centered on the subject of the cause of
A) the Persian Wars.
B) Alexander’s eastern campaign.
C) the fall of Persia.
D) the Peloponnesian War.
31) Which of the following best describes the results of the Peloponnesian War?
A) Athens defeated the Persians and rose to prominence as the most powerful Greek polis.
B) Athens defeated Sparta and took control of the Delian and Spartan Leagues.
C) The Greeks basically destroyed each other and opened the door for conquest by the Macedonians.
D) The era of Athenian dominance was ended, and Sparta became the dominant force in Greece and eventually defeated the Macedonians.
32) Which man wrote plays whose theme was the conflict between reason and emotion?
33) Which man was NOT a tragedian?
34) Which man satirized the famous and powerful Greeks?
35) Which man wrote Oedipus and Antigone?
36) Who was the first Athenian dramatist of the Classical Period?
37) Which man innovated the philosophical method that consisted of asking questions?
38) Socrates’ insistence that his students think for themselves was interpreted by Athenian authorities as
A) teaching young people to question their elders.
B) a long overdue educational reform.
C) an attempt to lead students to overthrow the monarch and establish a democracy.
D) all of the above
39) Which of the following statements concerning The Republic is correct?
A) It was an epic poem written by Homer.
B) It was an essay written by Plato.
C) It was a political theory written by Aristotle.
D) It was a drama written by Euripides.
40) Which of the following statements best represents Plato’s political ideology?
A) Democracy is the only logical choice for government in an educated society.
B) Democracy gives power to the popular instead of the educated.
C) Democracy leads to political inequality, but this is a necessary evil.
D) Democracy is the best form of government.
41) Which of these led Plato to distrust Athenian democracy?
A) the Persian Wars
B) the Delian League
C) the Peloponnesian War
D) the conquests of Alexander
42) Which of the following statements about Aristotle is NOT true?
A) He laid the foundation for many of the science courses studied in schools today.
B) He was a poet and philosopher.
C) He was a leading Athenian dramatist.
D) He believed that there was a physical world and an ideal world.
43) The majority of Greek slaves were
B) prisoners of war.
44) Which of the following rights was NOT given to Spartan women?
A) the right to vote
B) the right to voice their opinions publicly
C) the right to own property
D) the right to transact business without the husband’s consent
45) Which of the following does NOT accurately portray Athenian family norms?
A) Women were protected by male guardians until marriage.
B) Spouses were expected to remain faithful to each other.
C) Athenian husbands had almost total authority over their households.
D) Virginity before marriage was highly prized for both genders.
46) Which of the following does NOT accurately portray Greek ideology regarding the gods?
A) Greeks believed that the diet of ambrosia and nectar kept the gods immortal.
B) Greeks believed that the blood of the gods ran black when they were wounded in battle.
C) Greeks believed that the gods all craved worship and adoration from humans.
D) Greeks believed that the gods on Mt. Olympus were closely involved in the lives of the people.
47) Which man united the Greek city-states?
A) Alexander the Great
C) Philip II of Macedon
48) Alexander the Great was unable to conquer India because
A) the Indian army proved to be too powerful.
B) Alexander’s men staged a mutiny.
C) Alexander lost the will to fight after the death of his mother.
D) the Chinese army crossed the mountains and helped India fight.
49) Alexander the Great’s empire included all of the following EXCEPT
50) Alexander’s conquest of Egypt was significant for Greece because the conquest
A) was the first time in history that the Greeks had seen Egypt.
B) opened the door for his invasion of Palestine.
C) paved the way for the Greeks to conquer the rest of Africa.
D) secured the Mediterranean coastline, which meant that Persia couldn’t use it to invade Greece.
51) Which man calculated the circumference of the earth during the Hellenistic Era with amazing accuracy?
52) Which man believed in a heliocentric universe?
53) Archimedes is considered by some to be the leading scientist of the Hellenistic Era. His major contribution was in the area of
54) Which of the following beliefs represents Stoic philosophy?
A) All matter is composed of atoms.
B) Pleasure is simply the absence of pain.
C) One should not attempt to alter destiny.
D) One should virtuously do one’s duty even in times of crisis.