# Calculations shown | Accounting homework help

P17-1.    (Debt Securities)

Presented below is an amortization schedule related to Spangler Company’s 5-year, \$100,000 bond with a 7% interest rate and a 5% yield, purchased on December 31, 2012, for \$108,660.

Date  Cash Received  Interest Revenue Bond Premium Amortization Carrying Amount of Bonds

12/31/2012      \$108,660

12/31/2013  \$7,000   \$5,433  \$1,567   107,093

12/31/2014   7,000    5,354   1,646   105,447

12/31/2015   7,000    5,272   1,728   103,719

12/31/2016   7,000    5,186   1,814   101,905

12/31/2017   7,000    5,095   1,905   100,000

The following schedule presents a comparison of the amortized cost and fair value of the bonds at year-end.

12/31/2013  12/31/2014 12/31/2015 12/31/2016 12/31/2017

Amortized cost  \$107,093   \$105,447  \$103,719  \$101,905  \$100,000

Fair value  \$106,500   \$107,500  \$105,650  \$103,000  \$100,000

Instructions

(a)    Prepare the journal entry to record the purchase of these bonds on December 31, 2012, assuming the bonds are classified as held-to-maturity securities.

(b)    Prepare the journal entry(ies) related to the held-to-maturity bonds for 2013.

(c)    Prepare the journal entry(ies) related to the held-to-maturity bonds for 2015.

(d)    Prepare the journal entry(ies) to record the purchase of these bonds, assuming they are classified as available-for-sale.

(e)    Prepare the journal entry(ies) related to the available-for-sale bonds for 2013.

(f)    Prepare the journal entry(ies) related to the available-for-sale bonds for 2015.

Question 1

The following information is available for Wenger Corporation for 2013.

1 Excess of tax depreciation over book depreciation, \$40,000. This \$40,000 difference will reverse equally over the years 2014–2017.

2 Deferral, for book purposes, of \$20,000 of rent received in advance. The rent will be earned in 2014.

3 Pretax financial income, \$300,000.

4 Tax rate for all years, 40%.

Compute taxable income for 2013.

Prepare the journal entry to record income tax expense, deferred income taxes, and income taxes payable for 2013. (Credit account titles are automatically indented when amount is entered. Do not indent manually.)

Prepare the journal entry to record income tax expense, deferred income taxes, and income taxes payable for 2014, assuming taxable income of \$325,000. (Credit account titles are automatically indented when amount is entered. Do not indent manually.)

Question 2

Zurich Company reports pretax financial income of \$70,000 for 2014. The following items cause taxable income to be different than pretax financial income.

1 Depreciation on the tax return is greater than depreciation on the income statement by \$16,000.

2 Rent collected on the tax return is greater than rent earned on the income statement by \$22,000.

3 Fines for pollution appear as an expense of \$11,000 on the income statement.

Zurich’s tax rate is 30% for all years, and the company expects to report taxable income in all future years. There are no deferred taxes at the beginning of 2014.

Compute taxable income and income taxes payable for 2014.

Prepare the journal entry to record income tax expense, deferred income taxes, and income taxes payable for 2014. (Credit account titles are automatically indented when amount is entered. Do not indent manually.)

Prepare the income tax expense section of the income statement for 2014, beginning with the line “Income before income taxes.”. (Enter negative amounts using either a negative sign preceding the number e.g. -45 or parentheses e.g. (45).)

Compute the effective income tax rate for 2014. (Round answer to 1 decimal places, e.g. 25.5.)

Question 3

Button Company has the following two temporary differences between its income tax expense and income taxes payable.

2014 2015   2016

Pretax financial income      \$840,000  \$910,000    \$945,000

Excess depreciation expense on tax return      (30,000 (40,000 )  (10,000 )

Excess warranty expense in financial income      20,000 10,000   8,000

Taxable income      \$830,000  \$880,000    \$943,000

The income tax rate for all years is 40%.

Prepare the journal entry to record income tax expense, deferred income taxes, and income tax payable for 2014, 2015, and 2016. (Credit account titles are automatically indented when amount is entered. Do not indent manually.)

Assuming there were no temporary differences prior to 2014, indicate how deferred taxes will be reported on the 2016 balance sheet. Button’s product warranty is for 12 months

Prepare the income tax expense section of the income statement for 2016, beginning with the line “Pretax financial income.” (Enter negative amounts using either a negative sign preceding the number e.g. -45 or parentheses e.g. (45).)

Question 4

The following facts relate to Duncan Corporation.

1  Deferred tax liability, January 1, 2014, \$60,000.

2  Deferred tax asset, January 1, 2014, \$20,000.

3  Taxable income for 2014, \$105,000.

4  Cumulative temporary difference at December 31, 2014, giving rise to future taxable amounts, \$230,000.

5  Cumulative temporary difference at December 31, 2014, giving rise to future deductible amounts, \$95,000.

6  Tax rate for all years, 40%. No permanent differences exist.

7  The company is expected to operate profitably in the future.

Compute the amount of pretax financial income for 2014.

Prepare the journal entry to record income tax expense, deferred income taxes, and income taxes payable for 2014. (Credit account titles are automatically indented when amount is entered. Do not indent manually.)

Prepare the income tax expense section of the income statement for 2014, beginning with the line “Income before income taxes.” (Enter negative amounts using either a negative sign preceding the number e.g. -45 or parentheses e.g. (45).)

Compute the effective tax rate for 2014. (Round answer to 0 decimal places, e.g. 25%)

Question 5

Nadal Inc. has two temporary differences at the end of 2013. The first difference stems from installment sales, and the second one results from the accrual of a loss contingency. Nadal’s accounting department has developed a schedule of future taxable and deductible amounts related to these temporary differences as follows.

2014  2015    2016  2017

Taxable amounts  \$40,000   \$50,000     \$60,000   \$80,000

Deductible amounts    (15,000 )   (19,000

\$40,000   \$35,000     \$41,000   \$80,000

As of the beginning of 2013, the enacted tax rate is 34% for 2013 and 2014, and 38% for 2015–2018. At the beginning of 2013, the company had no deferred income taxes on its balance sheet. Taxable income for 2013 is \$500,000. Taxable income is expected in all future years.

Prepare the journal entry to record income tax expense, deferred income taxes, and income taxes payable for 2013. (Credit account titles are automatically indented when amount is entered. Do not indent manually.)

Indicate how deferred income taxes would be classified on the balance sheet at the end of 2013.