All of the following are examples of rank-order variables except:

 
   

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All of the following are examples of rank-order variables EXCEPT:

 

   

a tennis player’s standing compared to other athletes in the region

   

a runner’s place finished in a race

   

a student’s rank in his or her graduating class

   

a student’s level of stress just before an exam

 

Which of the following is NOT an example of a nominal variable?

 

   

Hair color

   

Social security number

   

Religious affiliation

   

Score on an IQ test

 

In a histogram, the vertical dimension displays:

 

   

mean score

   

possible values the variable can have

   

frequency

   

intensity of the variable

 

1.       A researcher rates participants’ empathic responses to the distress of strangers on a scale of 1 to 10.  Most participants were rated either 3 or 7.  How would this distribution be described?

 

   

bimodal

   

unimodal

   

rectangular

   

normal

 

2 points   

 

QUESTION 11

 

1.       On the first exam in an introductory statistics course, most students did very well, and only a few did poorly.  How would you describe the distribution of test scores?

 

   

having a floor effect

   

positively skewed

   

symmetrical

   

negatively skewed

 

2 points   

 

QUESTION 12

 

1.       On an exam in a cognitive psychology class, most students attained a perfect score.  This is an example of:

 

   

a symmetrical distribution

   

a ceiling effect

   

a floor effect

   

a bimodal distribution

 

2 points   

 

QUESTION 13

 

1.       When a distribution is positively skewed, it means that:

 

   

the scores are evenly distributed

   

there are more scores piled up at the high end of the range

   

there is a ceiling effect

   

there are more scores piled up at the low end of the range

 

2 points   

 

QUESTION 14

 

1.       When a distribution is negatively skewed, it is likely that:

 

   

there is a ceiling effect

   

there is a floor effect

   

there are more scores piled up at the low end of the range

   

the distribution is approximately normal and symmetrical

 

2 points   

 

QUESTION 15

 

1.       In some cases, researchers describe a distribution in terms of whether its tails have many or few scores in them. This aspect of the shape of a distribution is known as:

 

   

kurtosis

   

symmetry

   

queue

   

z-transformation

 

2 points   

 

QUESTION 16

 

1.       When a distribution is heavy-tailed, it means that:

 

   

it is skewed to the right

   

it has a pinched appearance with few scores at the extremes (tails)

   

it has a flat appearance with many scores at the extremes (tails)

   

it is skewed to the left

 

2 points   

 

QUESTION 17

 

1.       A researcher observes the level of aggression of six 5-year-old boys over the course of a school day.  The number of incidents for the group of boys was 2, 4, 6, 12, 8, 10.  What is the mean number of aggressive acts for this group of children?

 

 

2 points   

 

QUESTION 18

 

1.       Five people’s scores on a survey of product recognition are 17, 12, 20, 13, 8.  What is their mean score?

 

 

2 points   

 

QUESTION 19

 

1.       What is the mode of the following scores:  3, 4, 6, 7, 10, 10, 30, 10, 30, 4, 3, 8?

 

 

2 points   

 

QUESTION 20

 

1.       What is the median of the following group of scores:  1, 2, 2, 3, 4, 4, 4, 6, 8, 10?

 

 

2 points   

 

QUESTION 21

 

1.       What is the median of the following scores:  4, 4, 6, 7, 8, 8, 9, 10, 11, 2, 1, 4?

 

   

8.5

   

5.5

   

6.5

   

4

 

2 points   

 

QUESTION 22

 

1.       A Canadian political scientist discovers that the number of members of their provincial parliament that a group of voters can name is as follows:  3, 3, 3, 4, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 35.

 

Upon examination of these scores, the researcher would probably decide to use which measure of the typical value?

 

   

Mode

   

Median

   

Standard deviation

   

Mean

 

2 points   

 

QUESTION 23

 

1.       Which statement is true for the scores 1, 2, 3, 5, 5, 5, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13?

 

   

the median is greater than the mean

   

the median is greater than the mode

   

the mode is greater than the mean

   

the mode is greater than the median

 

2 points   

 

QUESTION 24

 

1.       When a distribution is positively skewed:

 

   

the median is greater than the mean

   

the mean and median are the same

   

the mean and the median are equal

   

the mean is greater than the median

 

2 points   

 

QUESTION 25

 

1.       The ________ is the usual way of describing the representative value for a nominal variable such as religious affiliation.

 

   

outlier

   

mean

   

median

   

mode

 

2 points   

 

QUESTION 26

 

1.       In a distribution with an even number of scores, the median will be the:

 

   

the median divided by the mean

   

the sum of scores divided by N-1

   

average of the two middle scores

   

most common value

 

2 points   

 

QUESTION 27

 

1.       Unless there are _________, behavioral and social scientists generally use the mean as the measure of the representative value of a group of scores.

 

   

two modes

   

histograms

   

outliers

   

z scores

 

2 points   

 

QUESTION 28

 

1.       Place the five steps for computing variance into the correct order:

 

1.       Divide the sum of squared deviations by the number of scores

 

2.       Subtract the mean from each score

 

3.       Add up the squared deviation scores

 

4.       Compute the mean of the sample

 

5.       Square each of the deviation scores

 

   

4, 5, 2, 1, 3

   

5, 1, 2, 4, 3

   

4, 2, 5, 3, 1

   

2, 3, 1, 4, 5

 

2 points   

 

QUESTION 29

 

1.       In a class of students in which everyone is exactly 24 yeares old, the variance would be:

 

   

approximately 1

   

exactly 0

   

impossible to determine without more information

   

between 0 and 1

 

2 points   

 

QUESTION 30

 

1.       Roughly speaking, the standard deviation is the average amount that scores differ from the:

 

   

histogram

   

range

   

mean

   

median

 

2 points   

 

QUESTION 31

 

1.       The standard deviation of a group of scores is 4.  What is the variance?

 

 

2 points   

 

QUESTION 32

 

1.       What is the standard deviation of these four scores:  2, 4, 3, 7?

 

   

2.35

   

1.87

   

4.05

   

3.50

 

2 points   

 

QUESTION 33

 

1.       In a distribution of z-scores, the mean is always:

 

 

2 points   

 

QUESTION 34

 

1.       Copy of

 

In a distribution of z-scores, the standard deviation is always:

 

 

2 points   

 

QUESTION 35

 

1.       For a particular group of scores, M=20 and SD=5.  What is the z-score for a raw score of 10?

 

 

2 points   

 

QUESTION 36

 

1.       For a particular group of scores, M=15 and SD=3.  Provide a raw score for a z-score of 7.

 

 

2 points   

 

QUESTION 37

 

1.       A study found that absenteeism from work had a negative linear correlation with job satisfaction.  This means that:

 

   

the lower the level of job satisfaction, the higher the level of absenteeism.

   

the lower the level of job satisfaction, the lower the level of absenteeism.

   

level of job satisfaction is unrelated to absenteeism.

   

the higher the level of job satisfaction, the higher the level of absenteeism.

 

2 points   

 

QUESTION 38

 

1.       You are interested in the relation between number of years working for a particular company and loneliness at work.  You survey 50 workers at this company and find a correlation coefficient of -0.09.  This is considered a:

 

   

strong positive linear correlation

   

weak negative linear correlation

   

strong negative linear correlation

   

weak positive linear correlation

 

2 points   

 

QUESTION 39

 

1.       You conduct a study in which you measure two political attitudes and find a correlation of +0.70.  This is considered a:

 

   

weak positive linear correlation

   

strong negative linear correlation

   

weak negative linear correlation

   

strong positive linear correlation

 

2 points   

 

QUESTION 40

 

1.       Place the four steps for computing the correlation coefficient into the correct order:

 

1.       Add up the cross-products of z-scores

 

2.       Change all scores to z-scores

 

3.       Divide by the number of people in the study

 

4.       Figure the cross-product of the z-scores for each person

 

   

1, 2, 3, 4

   

2, 1, 4, 3

   

2, 4, 1, 3

   

4, 3, 1, 2